"Ahlan WA Sahlan"
Welcome to the Kingdom, founded by King Abdullah I after World War I. It was ruled by his grandson, the late King Hussein, for 46 years until his death in 1999, when his son King Abdullah II assumed the throne. Jordan has grown into a modern nation which has enjoyed a remarkable measure of peace, stability and economic growth in recent decades.
Images of the ancient Nabataean city of Petra, carved from the rock over tow thousand years ago, have long been most people's first impression of Jordan.
While Petra is indeed one of the most stunning attractions in the Middle East, Jordan offers so much more for the modern traveler.
A well-travelled bridge between sea and desert, east and west, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a land of mesmerizing beauty and contrasts. To the remote desert canyons, immense and still, visitors can explore splendid desert castles, gaze in awe at the haunting wilderness of Wadi Rum, or bathe in the restful waters of the Red Sea.
For adventure lovers, there is horse riding, 4*4 safaris, rock climbing, canyoning, and hiking, for pure relaxation, nothing on earth compares to the Dead Sea and its many spa facilities.
Jordan History & Culture
Jordan is a land rich in history. Since the dawn of civilization, Jordan has played an important role in trade between east and west because of its geographical location at the crossroads of Asia's, Africa and Europe. It has been home to some of mankind's earliest settlements and relics of many of the world's great civilization can still be found today.
Jordan played a vital role in roman, Biblical, the early Islamic and crusader periods. From the moment you arrive, you get a sense of the past. All around are remnants of civilizations long since relegated to the history books, yet they still remain, stamped into the very fabric of this amazing Kingdom and etched into the soul of the people who live here.
From the ancient Nabataean city of Petra, the miracle of the Dead Sea and Jordan Valley, the wonders of the Red Sea and Wadi Rum to the fine hotels, shopping centers and art galleries of modern Amman, Jordan truly is a nation rich in history and culture.
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, echoes with the stories, recorded in the Holly Bible, of Abraham, Job, Moses, Ruth, Elijah, Johan the Baptist, Jesus Christ, Paul, and many other leading Biblical figures, whose teachings and deeds have ultimately affected and influenced the lives of millions of people around the world.
Through the words of the prophets Abraham, Job, and Moses, the Bible's Old Testament records that it is in this land of Jordan that God first manifested Himself to Man. Biblical interpretations have even located the story of Adam and Eve and Garden of Eden to an area along the north-west bank of the River Jordan Known as Beysan (Beth-shean). It is also suggested that, when Cain Killed his brother Abel and was banished by God to the area "east of Eden", he went to one of the three sites east of the River Jordan that would later become Known as the "Cities of Refuge:. A person accused of involuntary manslaughter could seek refuge in one of these cities until a fair trial could be arranged.
Jordan - Nature's best-kept secret
Jordan is country of outstanding bio-diversity. It is land that encompasses all, from pine-clad mountains, lush green valleys, wetlands and oasis to the breathtaking desert landscapes of Wadi Rum and the kaleidoscopic underwater world of the Red Sea.
Undoubtedly Jordan's most important and impressive ecological treasure is the unique area and along the eastern coastline of the Dead Sea. Here, 410 meters below sea level, many small streams flow down from the surrounding hills, their mineral-rich waters creating gushing waterfalls and an amazing diversity of flora and fauna. Here too, are hot thermal springs, their health-giving waters having attracted visitors for thousands of years. On the Dead Sea coast nature has taken simple salt, fashioned it into impossible sculptures and imbued them with colours of unbelievable vividness.
Jordan boasts a Mediterranean climate ideal for year-round holidays and travel. Amman is sunny and cloudless from May to October, with average temperatures around 23 °C (73 °F). Springtime brings optimal weather, lush with greenery, while autumn is equally mild and pleasant. July and August are hot and dry but not oppressive. Aqaba and Valley are ideal winter resorts, with temperatures averaging 16-22 °C (61-72 °F) between November and April. There is very little rain in the Aqaba area and the desert. Visitors from northern climates should always be aware of the inherent risks involves from extended exposure to the sun and are advised to take appropriate precautions.
Money Currency & Money Exchange
The local currency is the Jordanian Dinar (JD) which is often called the "jaydee". There is 1. 5. 10. 20. 50 notes. The Dinar is divided into 100 piasters (pronounces "pee-aster") of 1000 fils.
Currency can be exchanged at major banks, exchange agencies, and most hotels, There are also currency exchange facilities at Queen Alia International Airport within the terminal building. Street money-changers should be avoided whenever possible. Exchange rates are set daily by the Jordanian Central Bank.
Credit Cards are accepted at hotels, restaurants, and larger shops, including American Express, VISA, Diners Club, and MasterCard. Please note that many shops still prefer cash payment in the Jordanian currency, and it is essential for shopping in the local souqs. The numbers of automated teller machines (ATMs) are fast increasing in Jordan.
Entry into Jordan - Visa Requirements
The cost of one entry visa for all nationalities is JD 20 ( Approximately $ 30) effective from 01.01.2011 for individuals ( Group Less than Five Persons ) arriving from Amman & Groups of five person or more arriving through a designated Jordanian tour operator are exempted from all visa charges. Groups or Individuals arriving directly in Aqaba DO not pay visa fees.
Departure taxes for non Jordanians are JD 8, approximately $ 12, from any border except airports.
Jordan Borders With Neighbors Countries
Coming to Jordan by road from Syria, you can cross into Jaber or Ramtha. Jaber is 80 Kms away from Amman and is most commonly used by visitor.
There are three border crossings between Jordan and Israel:
- The Allenby / King Hussein Bridge, 57 Kms away from Amman, located in the southern Jordan Valley, is open Sun - Thurs. 08.00 - 20.00 for arrivals and 8.00 to 14.00 for departure and Fri - Sat 08.00 - 13.00.
- Sheikh Hussein crossing / North Border, 90 Kms away from Amman. Located in the north close to Lake Tiberias (Sea of Galilee), open 24/7 throughout the year.
- Wadi Araba Crossing / South Border, Located in the south, 324 kms away from Amman, connecting Red Sea resorts of Eilat and Aqaba. These are open Sun - Thurs 06.30hrs - 22.00hrs and Fri - Sat 08.00hrs - 20.00hrs. At these crossings, visas for most nationalities can be obtained at the border; prior permits are not needed expect for restricted nationalities. Wadi Araba Crossing closes on Islamic New Year day and Yom Kippur.
From Egypt, a car ferry service operates from Nuwayba to Aqaba. And ferry from Taba to Aqaba as below.
Royal Jordanian our national carrier, is one of over 20 international air carriers that fly regularly into Queen Alia international Airport located 35 Kms south of Amman. The average flying time from the major European cities is four hours. King Hussein International Airport is served by scheduled flights from Amman and other destination as such charter flights land in.